is an alternative to AMBE+2 DMR / dPMR vocoder, provides highest speech quality, when a voice is more natural, clear and is free of any synthesizing sounds, operating perfectly as in noiseless channel as well as in very noisy channels.
Can be used in DMR (ETSI TS 102 361) and dPMR (ETSI TS 102 658) radios as alternative vocoder (instead AMBE+2 vocoder) or as additional vocoder to provide in newest radios main superior mode, providing more high-quality voice communication, keeping simultaneously interoperability with old radios (AMBE+2 based ones).
A "joint source-channel coding" solution on TWELP 2450 bps vocoder base and FEC 1150 bps as UEP-RCPC (Unequal Error Protection Rate Compatible Punctured Convolution) code provides reliable protection of the bits strictly in accordance with their sensitivity to errors.
For Digital Mobile Radio (DMR), digital Private Mobile Radio (dPMR) and other markets.
TWELP technology is a new class of vocoders that differs from any other LPC-based vocoders in:
- an advance reliable method of pitch estimation
- a pitch-synchronous analysis
- an advance tri-wave model of excitation
- newest quantization schemes
- a pitch-synchronous synthesis
Thanks to these unique features, TWELP technology provides much better speech quality in comparison with any well-known technologies, including AMBE+2, MELPe, ACELP, etc. at the same bit rate in range from 300 bps up to 9600 bps and beyond. Moreover, in contrast to other LBR vocoders (like MELPe, etc.) TWELP provides much better quality for non-speech signals like sirens, background music, etc.
Superiority In Speech Quality. Here is the comparison with AMBE+2 DMR vocoder in a noiseless channel. TWELP DMR vocoder and AMBE+2 DMR vocoder (DVSI's AMBE-3000 chip, Rate#33, was used) were tested, using ITU-T P.50 speech base for 20 different languages. ITU-T P.862 utility was used for an estimation of the speech quality in PESQ terms:
|Language||AMBE+2 DMR||TWELP DMR|
Superiority of the TWELP DMR vocoder is on average 0.251 PESQ !
Speech Samples (WAV-files). A few independent experts listened TWELP DMR vocoder in comparison with AMBE+2 DMR vocoder (DVSI's AMBE-3000 chip, Rate#33), using method of preferences. Majority of experts preferred TWELP to AMBE+2, having noted a much more natural human-sounding voice in the TWELP vocoder.
You can listen to the short samples of the source speech as well as the speech processed by both vocoders for any of 20 languages in the table below.
Also, you can download a full set of P.50 samples as zip-files for all languages simultaneously in Downloads section below.
|Language||Source speech||AMBE+2 DMR||TWELP DMR|
Superiority In Quality Of The Non-speech Signals. In contrast to other LBR vocoders (MELPe, AMBE+2, etc.), TWELP vocoders provide a high quality of non-speech signals, including police, ambulance, fire sirens, etc. This feature in conjunction with a high quality natural human-sounding of the voice makes TWELP vocoders well suitable for replacement of analog radio with a digital radio and also for other applications where a high quality transmission of non-speech signals is relevant along with a high quality transmission of speech signals.
|Source type||Source signal||AMBE DMR||TWELP DMR|
High Robustness To Acoustic Noise. In contrast to other LBR vocoders, TWELP vocoders are well robust to acoustic noise thanks to robust reliable method of pitch estimation and other features of TWELP technology.
Moreover, vocoder includes in-built Noise Cancellation—Speech Enhancement (NCSE) functionality that improves a speech quality in a noisy acoustic environment.
|NCSE Mode||Source signal||AMBE DMR||TWELP DMR|
We recomend using the TWELP DMR vocoder in "Soft Decisions" mode from a modem. You can see the difference between "Hard Decisions" (HD) and "Soft Decisions" (SD) modes on the diagram below.
|BER %||AMBE DMR (HD/SD)||TWELP DMR (HD)||TWELP DMR (SD)|
You can play and listen to the short samples of the source speech as well as the speech processed by a standard DMR (AMBE+) 3600 bps (vocoder+FEC) and TWELP DMR vocoders (both in SD mode) in AWGN channel with BER = 5% for any of 20 languages in the table below.
|Language||Source speech||AMBE DMR (BER = 5%)||TWELP DMR (BER = 5%)|
- Automatic Gain Control (AGC),
- Noise Cancellation for Speech Enhancement (NCSE)
- Voice Activity Detector (VAD),
- Tone Detection/Generation (Single tones and Dual tones). The tones are transmitted by the vocoder facilities.
Each functionality has unique features, performance and characteristics, providing a significant superiority over any well-known implementations on the market.
(including frame size)
|Signal format||Bit stream format|
|Control range:||0 ... +20 dB|
|NCSE||Noise Canceller -
|SNR increasing||> 6 dB|
|> 0.1 PESQ|
|In accordance with the international standards|
|Special generator, kept continuity of a signal
(phase and amplitude of signal of previous frame)
|Reliable detection speech
in background noise
|Type of noise||"white"|
|Level||- 60 dB|
* DSPINI continues optimization of the TWELP algorithm and the code in order to minimize a computational complexity of the vocoder.
Vulnerability / Security. DSPINI guarantees an ABSOLUTE cleanliness of the software from any undocumented features, undeclared capabilities, etc. All our customers can be assured that any our software/code doesn't contain any secret functions or features hidden from the user. We are ready to provide the source codes of our software products for an appropriate certification if needed.
Guarantee And Support. DSPINI guarantees a quality and accordance of all technical characteristics of the product to the requirement of the current specifications. Testing and the other method of quality control are used for a guarantee support.
Any Platforms. DSPINI can port this vocoder software onto any other DSP, RISC or general-purposes platform in a short time: 1-2 months.
Licensing Terms. To use the vocoder software, a customer should obtain a license from DSPINI only.
Customization. The vocoder can be customized under any specific requirements - other bit rate, frame size, any other robustness to channel errors, etc. Please contact us for the details.
Prospects. DSPINI is impoving and developing continuously a set of new vocoders with the range from 300 bps up to 9600 bps, based on TWELP technology.
Related Software. This vocoder may be effectively used in a bundle with other DSPINI's products:
- Linear and acoustic echo cancellers,
- Multichannel noise cancellers (including two-microphone adaptive array),
- Wired or radiomodems for any types of channels and bitrates,
- Other products.