Provides very high speech quality for such low bit rate.
For Digital HF Radio, Digital Mobile Radio (DMR) and other markets.
TWELP technology is a new class of vocoders that differs from any other LPC-based vocoders by:
- advance reliable method of pitch estimation
- pitch-synchronous analysis
- advance tri-wave model of excitation
- newest quantization schemes
- pitch-synchronous synthesis
Thanks to these unique features, TWELP technology provides much better speech quality in comparison with any well-known technologies, including AMBE+2, MELPe, ACELP, etc. on the same bit rate in range from 300 bps up to 9600 bps and more. Moreover, in contrast to other LBR vocoders (like MELPe, etc.) TWELP provides much better quality for non-speech signals like sirens, background music, etc.
Superiority In Speech Quality. Here is the comparison with MELPe 1200 bps vocoder in noiseless channel. TWELP 1600 bps Robust vocoder and MELPe 1200 bps vocoder were tested, using ITU-T P.50 speech base for 20 different languages. ITU-T P.862 utility was used for estimation of the speech quality in PESQ terms:
|Language||TWELP 1600 bps||MELPe 1200 bps|
Superiority of the TWELP 1600 bps vocoder is on average 0.2084 PESQ
Speech Samples (WAV-files). A few independent experts listened TWELP 1600 bps vocoder in comparison with MELPe 1200 bps vocoder, using method of preferences. Majority of experts preferred TWELP to MELPe, having noted much more natural human-sounding of voice in the TWELP vocoder.
You can play and listen short samples of the source speech as well as the speech processed by both vocoders for any of 20 languages, using links in the table below.
Also, you can download full set of the P.50 samples as zip-files for all languages simultaneously, using the links in the "Downloads" para in a bottom of the page.
|Language||Source speech||MELPe 1200 bps||TWELP 1600 bps|
Superiority In Quality Of The Non-speech Signals. In contrast to other LBR vocoders (MELPe, AMBE+2, etc.), TWELP vocoders provide high quality of non-speech signals, including police, ambulance, fire sirens, etc. This feature in conjunction with high quality natural human-sounding of voice makes TWELP vocoders well suitable for replacement of analog radio by digital radio and also for other applications where high quality transmitting of non-speech signals is relevant along with high quality transmitting of speech signals.
|Source type||Source signal||MELPe 1200 bps||TWELP 1600 bps|
High Robustness To Acoustic Noise. In contrast to other LBR vocoders, TWELP vocoders are well robust to acoustic noise thanks to robust reliable method of pitch estimation and other features of TWELP technology.
Moreover, vocoder includes in-built Noise Cancellation—Speech Enhancement (NCSE) functionality that improves speech quality in noisy acoustic environment.
|NCSE Mode||Source signal||MELPe 1200 bps||TWELP 1600 bps Robust|
We recomend to use the TWELP 1600 vocoder in good channels, where BER is not more than 0.1%.
In case you use noisy channels with BER > 0.1%, we recommend to use TWELP 1600 bps Robust vocoder with "Soft Decisions" output from a modem. You can compare the robustness of the vocoders on the diagramm below.
Please take into account that the TWELP 1600 Robust vocoder is shown here in "Hard Decisions" mode. In case "Soft Decisions" mode usage, the robustness will be much better.
|BER %||MELPe 1200||TWELP 1600 Robust||TWELP 1600|
- Automatic Gain Control (AGC),
- Noise Cancellation for Speech Enhancement (NCSE)
- Voice Activity Detector (VAD),
- Tone Detection/Generation (Single tones and Dual tones). The tones are transmitted by the vocoder facilities.
Each functionality has unique features, performance and characteristics, providing significant superiority over any well-known implementations on the market.
(including frame size)
|Signal format||Bit stream format|
|Control range:||0 ... +20 dB|
|NCSE||Noise Canceller -
|SNR increasing||> 6 dB|
|> 0.1 PESQ|
|In accordance with international standards|
|Special generator, kept continuity of signal
(phase and amplitude of signal of previous frame)
|Reliable detection speech
in background noise
|Type of noise||"white"|
|Level||- 60 dB|
|Voice Encoder +
|Voice Encoder +
|Voice Encoder +
* DSPINI continues optimization of the TWELP algorithm and code in order to minimize computational complexity of the vocoder.
Guarantee And Support. DSPINI guarantees a quality and accordance of all technical characteristics of the product to requirement of current specifications. Testing and other method of quality control are used for guarantee support.
Any Platforms. DSPINI can port this vocoder software into any other DSP, RISC or general- purposes platform inshort time: 1-2 months.
Licensing Terms. To use the vocoder, customer should obtain a license from DSPINI only.
Customization. The vocoder can be customized under any specific requirements- other bit rate, frame size, any other robustness to channel errors, etc. Please contact with us for details.
Prospects. DSPINI is impoving and developing continuously a set of new vocoders with range from 300 bps up to 9600 bps, based on TWELP technology.
Related Software. This vocoder may be effectively used in a bundle with other DSPINI's products:
- Linear and acoustic echo cancellers,
- Multichannel noise cancellers (including two-microphone adaptive array),
- Wired or radiomodems for any types of channels and bitrates,
- Other products.